Economic, social & cultural rights

The ESCR research team writes on the economic, social and cultural aspects of human rights, which include economic inequality, education accessibility & quality, and the global fight for racial justice.

Combating Forced Marriage in India

This toolkit is part of HDRI’s first toolkit series and is a collective effort made by our fellow researchers Tara Adiga, Haibado Abdoulkader Yacin, Jing-Jie Chen, Juan Arturo Sánchez Sáenz and research coordinator Kriti Sharma. Published on June, 2021 The front page cover illustration is courtesy of theartist, Rouxbin Smit, and is protected by copyrights.For… Read more “Combating Forced Marriage in India”

Role of Conflict and Political Dissent on the Attainment and Quality of Education

This era has marked an increase in student activism and protests happening across the globe. The implementation of school boycotts and unceasing conflicts has severely affected the future of a whole generation of children. The pronounced rise in dissent has led to education becoming a victim of its nationalism. In this paper, we shall discuss… Read more “Role of Conflict and Political Dissent on the Attainment and Quality of Education”

On the Ashes of Guatemalan Congress: Heritage, Memory and Identitarian Contention

After demonstrators set fire to the Legislative Palace on November 2020, the Congress of Guatemala qualified the attack of the National Heritage Monument, “democratic temple” and “belonging to all Guatemalans”, as a loss of historical legacy and a turning point for democracy. Why would a National Heritage Monument, belonging to all citizens, be target of… Read more “On the Ashes of Guatemalan Congress: Heritage, Memory and Identitarian Contention”

Assessing the Impact of Covid on Public Education in India

This paper will explore the multifaceted challenges that the Indian public education system is being faced with as a result of schools closing due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and will approach it from a human rights perspective. It will analyse the steps being taken by the government in public education during the pandemic, the obligations… Read more “Assessing the Impact of Covid on Public Education in India”

Right to Work: State Obligations to Protect Transgender Sex Workers in Thailand and the Philippines

This research paper aims at addressing the issues of transgender persons in sex industry with major focus on states policies and lack of State’s protection of transgender sex workers in Thailand and in the Philippines. The author argues that considering the complexity of transgender identity and sex industry, States must ensure the rights of transgender… Read more “Right to Work: State Obligations to Protect Transgender Sex Workers in Thailand and the Philippines”

Should we Eliminate Child Labour in Mines? Analysing the Case of Potosi, Bolivia

This policy brief studies the case of the Cerro Rico mines in Potosí to analyse child labour, its conditions, roots and evolutions in order to better assess how to eliminate or maybe rethink this specific form of child labour in the mining industry in Bolivia. Considering the reality of child labour in Bolivia, this paper… Read more “Should we Eliminate Child Labour in Mines? Analysing the Case of Potosi, Bolivia”

Digital Literacy of Rural Women in India: A Study of Google’s “Helping Women Get Online” Initiative.

Despite the growing penetration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in developing countries including India, the benefits of such improved access are only captured by a certain segment of society equipped with digital literacy. The gender divide and urban-rural divide are among the most striking. In rural India, only 3 out of every 10 internet… Read more “Digital Literacy of Rural Women in India: A Study of Google’s “Helping Women Get Online” Initiative.”

The differences in the Educational Achievement of Indigenous Students in Guatemalan Primary Schools

This paper analyses the differences in the academic achievement of indigenous and non-indigenous children that attend primary schools in Guatemala. A decomposition procedure suggests that a relatively small portion of the academic achievement gap is explained by the differences in the socioeconomic status of indigenous and non-indigenous families. School attributes such as monolingual education, coverage,… Read more “The differences in the Educational Achievement of Indigenous Students in Guatemalan Primary Schools”

An outlook on Migrant and Refugee children’s access to Education in France

The paper aims at analysing the situation of migrant and refugee children’s access to education in France. While a fundamental right, guaranteed both by international and domestic law, in practice access to education for migrant and refugee children are limited by strict immigration policies and the French educational system, which fails to include migrant and… Read more “An outlook on Migrant and Refugee children’s access to Education in France”