Latin America & the Caribbean


Just Transition Policies in Colombia: a bottom-up approach

“This work explores the context of the energy transition in the coal mining industry. It specifically studies the case of La Guajira and Cesar, the two most important mining regions of Colombia in terms of exports. The content analysis of the public policy roadmaps and strategies for the Colombian energy transition, together with the interviews…

Questioning Peace and Conflict: The War on Trans Women in Brazil

The country of Brazil is considered a peaceful country due to its lack of internal or inter-state conflict. However, the lives of trans individuals, and in particular trans women, are not reflective of a state of peace. Brazil is the deadliest country in the world for a trans person. In fact, a trans woman is…

Tackling Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon Through Empowering Local Communities and Implementing Agroforestry Practices

This toolkit is part of HDRI’s first toolkit series and is a collective effort made by our fellow researchers Philippine Lévy, Matilda Saarinen, Ariel Sepúlveda de Vasconcelos, Elin Westerling and research coordinator Alissa Mustre del Río. Published on June, 2021 The front page cover illustration is courtesy of theartist, Rouxbin Smit, and is protected by…

How Do Water-Related Diseases Impact Gender Equality ? – An Analysis of Brazil

This paper assesses the linkages between childhood health, water-related diseases and gender equality in Brazil. Due to poor access and quality of water and sanitation services in Brazil, there is a high incidence of water-related diseases among children. In this context, women’s gender roles of caregivers place a heavier burden on their lives as they…

Fostering a Post Extractivist Amazonia Indigenous People in Brazil

This paper attempts to shed a light on socioeconomic and environmental issues involving extractive activities in the Brazilian Amazonia in order to foster sustainability. By doing so, it raises the question of how to increase the role of indigenous and local people in building a sustainable future, shifting from logging and illegal mining in the…

On the Ashes of Guatemalan Congress: Heritage, Memory and Identitarian Contention

After demonstrators set fire to the Legislative Palace on November 2020, the Congress of Guatemala qualified the attack of the National Heritage Monument, “democratic temple” and “belonging to all Guatemalans”, as a loss of historical legacy and a turning point for democracy. Why would a National Heritage Monument, belonging to all citizens, be target of…

Should we Eliminate Child Labour in Mines? Analysing the Case of Potosi, Bolivia

This policy brief studies the case of the Cerro Rico mines in Potosí to analyse child labour, its conditions, roots and evolutions in order to better assess how to eliminate or maybe rethink this specific form of child labour in the mining industry in Bolivia. Considering the reality of child labour in Bolivia, this paper…

“Remain in Mexico”: A Massive Unchecked Violation of the Rights of Asylum-Seekers Under International Law

This article demonstrates the profound impacts of the United States’ Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) or “Remain in Mexico” policy on transitory migration flows through Mexico, on the human rights and lives of asylum-seekers subject to the policy, and on the border communities that receive them. Findings are drawn from reputable data and news sources, information…

Panama: The Imperiled Link in the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor

The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor is a geographic and political project that plays a crucial role in maintaining the biodiversity of the flora and fauna of the western hemisphere. In Panama, this corridor is increasingly threatened due to the country’s growing population and expansion into previously undisturbed environments. Government policy has not done enough to conserve…

Water, Sanitation and Health in Informal Settlements: Health and Community-Based Approaches to Tackle Tuberculosis Among Lima’s Urban Poor

Urbanization worldwide has led to an increasing number of urban poor, often resulting in a surge of informal settlements. Poor living conditions and the lack of water and sanitation services (WSS) have a direct impact on the health of the residents of these settlements. In Lima, major challenges are still faced to improve the health…

The differences in the Educational Achievement of Indigenous Students in Guatemalan Primary Schools

This paper analyses the differences in the academic achievement of indigenous and non-indigenous children that attend primary schools in Guatemala. A decomposition procedure suggests that a relatively small portion of the academic achievement gap is explained by the differences in the socioeconomic status of indigenous and non-indigenous families. School attributes such as monolingual education, coverage,…

Why Regional Solidarity Is Not Enough: The Need for a Sustainable Solution to the Venezuelan Refugee Exodus.

The Venezuelan refugee crisis has impacted the majority of countries in Latin America. There have been attempts at having a unified and sustainable regional response, but the outcomes have been deficient. Further, the policies and strategies implemented thus far have focused on the short-term results. Accordingly, this paper will explore the regional responses that have…

Forgotten Victims: The Issue of Internally Displaced People in Colombia

Since the beginning of the conflict in 1958, Colombia has seen seven million of its population become internally displaced. Far from solving this issue, the peace agreement of 2016 seems to have increased this number. New solutions need to be implemented to ease the crisis. By: Solweig Ogereau-Legay Published on December 3, 2019

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