Migration & Security

The Migration & Security research team analyses global migration flows and patterns in times of peace and conflict. It seeks to understand the economic, social, political and environmental causes of migration, as well as evaluate the host communities’ responses to immigrant flows and the refugee crisis.

A Gender-Relational Approach Applied to Refugee Programmes

This toolkit is part of HDRI’s first toolkit series and is a collective effort made by our fellow researchers Iliana Flores Pérez, Mélissa Hamdi, Silvana Limni, Loïs Willekers and research coordinator Lilou Berenguier. Published on June, 2021 The front page cover illustration is courtesy of theartist, Rouxbin Smit, and is protected by copyrights.For further/any queries,… Read more “A Gender-Relational Approach Applied to Refugee Programmes”

The invisible walls of asylum : the ineffective application of asylum law in a postcolonial Europe

If the international protection of refugees and stateless persons is guaranteed by the Geneva Convention of 1951, the colonial legacies of the European continent keep influencing the policies of asylum. Indeed, theses lack of effectivity and the fundamental rights and human rights of the refugees are often not respected. This paper assesses how this lack… Read more “The invisible walls of asylum : the ineffective application of asylum law in a postcolonial Europe”

Domestic Migrant Workers at the Intersection of Vulnerability: A Path Towards the Dismantling of the Kafala System in Lebanon

In Lebanon, there are approximately 250,000 domestic migrant workers (DMWs) primarily from Sub-Saharan Africa and South and South East Asia. The system that regulates their right to reside and work in the country, called the kafala, by tying the foreign worker to their employer, creates an imbalance of power, which disproportionately favours the employer. DMWs… Read more “Domestic Migrant Workers at the Intersection of Vulnerability: A Path Towards the Dismantling of the Kafala System in Lebanon”

Refugees in Limbo: The Implications of Australia’s Externalized Border Policies in Indonesia

The topic of immigration has a longstanding tendency to be used as a political wedge in Australia, securitized by politicians for political gains. This gave rise to the government’s hardline stance and policy towards ‘illegal’ immigration, considered to be one of the strictest in the world. Seeking to deter any boat from arriving at its… Read more “Refugees in Limbo: The Implications of Australia’s Externalized Border Policies in Indonesia”

Migrant Women and Girls from the Northern Triangle and their Journey Through Mexico: A Downward Spiral of Hazards

This paper provides an overview of the context faced by women and girls in each specific Northern Triangle of Central America country (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador). More specifically, it analyses the reasons behind women and girls’ decisions to leave their countries of origin and the multiple dangers they face during their migratory route through… Read more “Migrant Women and Girls from the Northern Triangle and their Journey Through Mexico: A Downward Spiral of Hazards”

European grand strategy: In the age of weaponized migration

This paper will analyse the cultural, regulatory and socio- economic factors affecting TCM use, specifically in France and Italy. Comparisons between the two countries will help to illustrate the significance of the different factors. This analysis will provide insights into areas in which potential changes and policies can be implemented to remove existing barriers and… Read more “European grand strategy: In the age of weaponized migration”

How to Build an Invisible Empire: The Vast Overseas Chinese Network that Knows No Borders

In their own unique way, Chinese ethnic diasporas function as their own authentic forms of globalization. The ebbs and flows of Chinese migration over the centuries have culminated in the creation of a vast, global network of overseas Chinese. Entangled within this global network of overseas Chinese are the Hakka people. Hakka minority groups can… Read more “How to Build an Invisible Empire: The Vast Overseas Chinese Network that Knows No Borders”

Migration and Economic Development: Impacts of Remittances on Sending Countries

Migration has steadily increased, bringing radical changes to society, moving beyond local and national borders and becoming global. According to the International Migration Report 2020, the worldwide number of international migrants (including refugees) is 272 million, of which nearly two-thirds are labour migrants. The migration process has brought enormous changes to our societies, within both… Read more “Migration and Economic Development: Impacts of Remittances on Sending Countries”

Post-Crisis Policy: Proposals for Comprehensive EU Asylum Reform

The 2015 refugee humanitarian crisis and the policy responses of the European Union (EU) illuminate the pressing need for a comprehensive approach to forced migration into Europe. The policy responses of the EU and member states undermine many of the foundations upon which the Union was built: Solidarity among member states and adherence to human… Read more “Post-Crisis Policy: Proposals for Comprehensive EU Asylum Reform”

Time for Change: Rethinking the European Union Refugee Policy in Lebanon

The European Union (EU) has increased its cooperation on the management of the refugee influx with the Lebanese government and has been the leading donor in Lebanon in the context of Syrians’ displacement. In its turn, the Lebanese government has indirectly delegated key responsibilities in refugee protection and assistance to supranational organizations. Despite the fact… Read more “Time for Change: Rethinking the European Union Refugee Policy in Lebanon”

Why Regional Solidarity Is Not Enough: The Need for a Sustainable Solution to the Venezuelan Refugee Exodus.

The Venezuelan refugee crisis has impacted the majority of countries in Latin America. There have been attempts at having a unified and sustainable regional response, but the outcomes have been deficient. Further, the policies and strategies implemented thus far have focused on the short-term results. Accordingly, this paper will explore the regional responses that have… Read more “Why Regional Solidarity Is Not Enough: The Need for a Sustainable Solution to the Venezuelan Refugee Exodus.”

The black sheep of Europe: Orbán’s Hungary as a political grey zone

Since assuming power in Hungary in 2010, the Fidesz Party under Viktor Orbán has gradually but decisively moved towards more authoritarian rule. Though Hungary remains a member of the European Union and is far from a dictatorship, the growing power of the executive branch has raised concerns about the future of the country. In hopes… Read more “The black sheep of Europe: Orbán’s Hungary as a political grey zone”

From Policy to the Street: A Review of French Asylum Policy Surrounding the CAOs

In 2015, in response to an increase in the size of unauthorized refugee camps in places such as Calais and Dunkirk, the French government created a network of centers for the welcome and orientation of migrants, known as les Centres d’Accueil et d’Orientation (CAO). However, since their creation, and due partly to the central role… Read more “From Policy to the Street: A Review of French Asylum Policy Surrounding the CAOs”