The year 2016 to 2017 consisted of three research groups: Education, Migrations and Urban Governance and Sustainability. Their yearlong research projects are detailed below.
The Education research group examined the interaction between education and radicalization, in particular the conception of education as a preventive measure. Although the effects and causes of radicalization have been studied to some extent, their interest was in the particular manner that education (official or extracurricular, public or private) has been used as a preventive tool to preempt radicalization. They examined programs that have already been put in place, globally and particularly in the French context in order to extract effective structures of education that prevent radicalization and promote open dialogue. They identified current programs in the Paris area and interviewed participants and organizers. Understanding that education is one tool that can be used to combat violence and further human rights discourse, they also examined the implementation and effects of educational programs in order to propose policy recommendations. The Education research group continues its research anticipating the completion of their final report.
Researchers: Camille Kasavan (Coordinator), Meritxell Lluis Gumiel (Coordinator), Camille Richir, Miguel Subosa, Kyo Yeon Park, Germán Vargas Mesa
The Migrations research group explored the interactions between transnational movements, policy and development. They have conducted research on the Centres d’Accueil et d’Orientation, which have been opened by the French state as a temporary “solution” to the “campements de fortune” (the “jungle”of Calais, etc.) for migrants stranded in France on their journey to the UK. Based on their study of the academic research on migration policy and fieldwork in refugee camps, they aimed to respond to questions including the effects of such policy. Have they actually “bettered” the situation by drawing migrants away from the camps? What effects have they had on the individual refugee’s agency and development? How could this be evaluated? Their goal was to determine specific policy suggestions to improve the situation of migrants in France, as well as shed light on the shortcomings of the current migrant policies at a micro and macro level. Their work can be found in following the article: From Policy to the Street: A Review of French Asylum Policy Surrounding the CAOs.
Researchers: Yujin Park, Rachel Petit, Déborah Prati, Ji Rheo, Lauren Schoenster, Andrew Scruggs (Coordinator), Arielle Wat, and Yingyin Wing Wu
The Urban Governance and Sustainability research group explored the different meanings of sustainability in the urban setting. They reflected on the concept of social and spatial justice, by analyzing the connection between development goals and sustainability. Their objective was to understand the different models of urban governance, in order to conduct an analysis of various local initiatives. The research work discussed topics such as education, energy, urban waste management system, transports, agriculture, and local governance. Drawing parallels between institutional policies and bottom-up initiatives, the researchers hoped to determine how best to achieve economic development and social and spatial justice, while respecting sustainable development goals. Mixing a theoretical and a practical approach, the team continues its work with the final objective of producing a complete model of urban governance, an analysis of contradictions and barriers to sustainable development, and policy recommendations. The article, Urban Sustainability, the Challenge of Drawing Links, shows the initial research completed by the group.
Researchers: Inès Boubaker (Coordinator), Alice YaoYao Dang, Janka Jurisits, Bianca Liu Herzog, Ha My Nguyen, Lois Paatan, and Yingyin Wing Wu