This year’s research focuses on six areas: Climate Migrations, Global Risks, Education, Social Well-being, the Inclusivity Lab and Urban Governance and Sustainability.
Climate Migrations : Migration, climate change and the environment are interrelated. The scale of global migration flows, both internal and cross-border, is expected to rise due to the effects of an accelerated climate change, and unprecedented impacts on lives and livelihoods. Migration is often perceived as a chronic stress for cities, but how about considering those growing flows as potential opportunities for human development, translating an adaptation strategy to climate and environmental change. This year, HDRI wants to address climate migration as an essential component of the renewed socio-environmental interactions of the 21st century.
Global Risks : The research will focus on the “grey zones”, exploring various case studies to analyze the levers of instability at local, regional and global scales. Instability is becoming the new spatial and political setting, either relying on informal financial markets, violence, failed states, etc. This team will work on top of the news regarding governance schemes, territories and populations living in those grey zones, to offer a panorama of a new planet marked by insecurity and global risks.
Social Well-being : This will consist of a comparative analysis of 4 countries, reflecting upon the existing discrepancy between economic situations and social well-being (e.g. inhabitants’ perception, happiness, etc.). This will be achieved through the use of the OECD’s Better Life index.
Education: Since the PISA raw data is now available to the public, the proposed idea of the Education team would be to study the relation between in-class practices and student achievement. Following a study in Colombia revising this subject, the idea is to construct a database that joins students and their characteristics with that of the school, the city, their teachers and directives and the actual in-class practices they get to have on a day to day basis. After this, the analysis would use multivariate regression analysis, with variance decomposition methodologies to determine the relation between this two variables.
Urban Governance and Sustainability: The team will continue the research that they carried out last year. They explored the different meanings of sustainability in the urban setting. They reflected on the concept of social and spatial justice, by analyzing the connection between development goals and sustainability. Their objective was to understand the different models of urban governance, in order to conduct an analysis of various local initiatives. The research work discussed topics such as education, energy, urban waste management system, transports, agriculture, and local governance. Drawing parallels between institutional policies and bottom-up initiatives, the researchers hoped to determine how best to achieve economic development and social and spatial justice, while respecting sustainable development goals. Mixing a theoretical and a practical approach, the team continues its work with the final objective of producing a complete model of urban governance, an analysis of contradictions and barriers to sustainable development, and policy recommendations.
The Inclusivity Lab: Through a partnership with UNESCO, the team will be producing policy briefs consisting of the study and discussion of inclusive policies for multicultural and accessible cities. There will be 3 geographical focuses: Paris, Bogota and Nairobi. The cities, chosen for their very different geographical, cultural, political and institutional contexts, will be analyzed through following question: what kind of inclusive policies would help make these cities more accessible and prepared for hosting a multicultural population capable of living in harmony and stability? Taking into account the complexity of the idea of inclusivity, the research team will be treating the concept through its different dimensions, namely spatial segregation, access to healthcare, energy access and the like.